Miranda Davies
August 19, 2012

Beech bark.jpg
Photo credit: Miranda Davies

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
Genus: Fagus
Species: F. grandifolia

Identifying Characteristics:
  • Smooth, gray bark. Popular venue for graffiti.
  • Grows to be 50' - 70' feet in height.
  • A deciduous tree, leaves are dark green, simple and sparsely-toothed with small teeth, 6–12 cm (2.4–4.7 in) long (rarely 15 centimetres (5.9 in)), with a short petiole.
  • Spread of about 40' at maturity.
  • Flowers in April-May with light brown flowers. The tree is monoecious, with flowers of both sexes on the same tree.
  • The fruit is a small, sharply-angled nut, borne in pairs in a soft-spined, four-lobed husk.


  • Long lived tree.
  • Thrives in full sun or partial shade.
  • Beechnuts are eaten by birds and mammals and are important food for chipmunks and squirrels.
  • The wood is heavy, hard, tough and strong.

In Wikipedia. Retrieved 12:54, August 19, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fagus_grandifolia

In Arbor Day. Retrieved 12:05, August 19, 2012, from http://www.arborday.org/treeguide/TreeDetail.cfm?id=131